HIV AIDS क्या है? एड्स के कारण, लक्षण और बचाव संबंधी जानकारी एड्स क्यों होता है

HIV AIDS क्या है? एड्स के कारण, लक्षण और बचाव संबंधी जानकारी

 

What is? HIV AIDS / AIDS causes, symptoms and prevention information

 

What is? HIV AIDS / AIDS causes, symptoms and prevention How can HIV be prevented?

What is? HIV AIDS HIV is spread through semen, vaginal fluids, blood and breast milk. AIDS Causes, Symptoms and Prevention Protect yourself by using a condom every time you have sex, and don’t share needles with anyone. You can also ask your doctor about PrEP – a daily pill that helps prevent HIV.

1.0 What is HIV and AIDS?

HIV is the virus that causes AIDS. What is it? HIV AIDS damages your immune system, making it easier for you to get sick. HIV is spread during sex, but condoms can help protect you. AIDS causes, symptoms and prevention

HIV is an infection that can lead to AIDS.

HIV stands for human immunodeficiency virus. What is? HIV AIDS This is a virus that destroys certain cells in your immune system (your body’s defense against disease that helps you stay healthy). When HIV damages your immune system, it becomes really easy to get sick and even die from infections that your body can normally fight off.

About 1.1 million people are living with HIV in India, and there are more than 38,000 new infections each year. Most people with HIV do not have any symptoms for many years and feel completely fine, so they do not even know they have it.

Once you have HIV, the virus stays in your body for the rest of your life. There is no cure for HIV, but medicines can help you stay healthy. HIV medicine reduces or even stops the chance of spreading the virus to other people. Studies show that using HIV treatment as directed can get the amount of HIV in your blood so low that it doesn’t even show up on a test – when this happens, AIDS causes, symptoms, and prevention. cannot transmit HIV.

Treatment is really important (that’s why getting tested is so important). What is? HIV AIDS Without treatment, HIV can lead to AIDS. But with medicine, people with HIV can live long, healthy lives and prevent spreading HIV to others.

What is the difference between HIV and AIDS?

What is the difference between HIV and AIDS? What is the virus that is HIV? HIV AIDS which causes AIDS. AIDS stands for Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. HIV and AIDS are not the same thing. And people with HIV do not always get AIDS. AIDS Causes, Symptoms and Prevention

HIV is a virus that spreads from person to person. Over time, HIV destroys an important type of cell in your immune system (called a CD4 cell or T cell) that helps protect you from infection. When you don’t have enough of these CD4 cells, your body can’t fight off infections the way it normally would.

AIDS is a disease caused by the damage that HIV does to your immune system. What is it? HIV AIDS You get AIDS when you have a life-threatening infection or have a very low CD4 cell count. AIDS is the most severe stage of HIV, and it leads to death over time.

Without treatment, it usually takes about 10 years for someone with HIV to develop AIDS. The treatment slows down the damage caused by the virus and can help people stay healthy for decades.

How are you HO Sakte HIV \HIV?

HIV is carried in semen (cum), vaginal fluids, anal mucus, blood and breast milk. What is? The HIV AIDS virus enters your body through cuts or sores in your skin, and through mucous membranes (such as inside the vagina, rectum and opening of the penis). You can get HIV from:

having vaginal or anal sex

Sharing needles or syringes for shooting drugs, piercings, tattoos, etc.

Stuck in a needle with HIV-infected blood

getting HIV-infected blood, semen (cum), or vaginal fluids into open cuts or sores on your body

What is? HIV AIDS HIV is usually spread through having unprotected sex. Using a condom and/or a dental dam every time you have sex and not sharing needles can help protect you and your partner from HIV. If you have HIV, treatment can reduce or even stop the chance of spreading the virus to other people during sex. If you do not have HIV, there is also a daily medicine called PrEP that can protect you from HIV.

HIV can also be passed to babies during pregnancy, birth or breastfeeding. A pregnant woman with HIV can take medicine to lower the chance of passing HIV to her baby. What is? hiv AIDS

HIV is not spread through saliva (spit), so you cannot get HIV from kissing, sharing food or drink, or using the same fork or spoon. hiv hug

It also does not spread through holding hands, coughing or sneezing. And you can’t get HIV from a toilet seat.

Not long ago, some people got HIV from a transfusion of infected blood. But now it is completely safe to give or take blood in medical centers. Doctors, hospitals and blood donation centers don’t use needles more than once, do they? HIV AIDS and donated blood is tested for HIV and other infections.

 

1.1 What are the symptoms of HIV and AIDS?

People with HIV usually don’t have symptoms right away, so they may not know they have it. It can take years before you become ill with HIV.

early hiv symptoms

What are people usually infected with? You look and feel completely healthy for a long time after having HIV AIDS. It can take 10 years or more for any symptoms of HIV to show up – or much longer than it takes for people taking HIV medicines. That’s why it’s really important to get tested for HIV regularly, especially if you’ve had unprotected sex or shared needles. HIV treatment can help you stay healthy. Treatment can reduce or even stop your chances of spreading HIV to other people during sex.

For the first 2-4 weeks after you become infected with HIV, you may have a fever, aches and feel sick. These flu-like symptoms are your body’s first response to HIV infection. During this time, you have a lot of virus in your system, so it’s really easy to spread HIV to other people. Symptoms only last for a few weeks, and then you usually don’t have symptoms again for years. But HIV can be spread to other people – whether or not you have symptoms or feel sick.

Later symptoms of HIV/AIDS

What is HIV? HIV AIDS destroys cells in your immune system called CD4 cells, or T cells. Without CD4 cells, your body has a hard time fighting off diseases. This increases your chances of actually getting sick from infections that normally wouldn’t harm you. Over time, the damage that HIV does to your immune system causes AIDS. AIDS Causes, Symptoms, and Prevention

Do you have AIDS? HIV AIDS occurs when you have rare infections (called opportunistic infections) or types of cancer, or if you have lost a certain number of CD4 cells. This usually happens 10 years after getting HIV if you don’t get treated. Treatment may delay or prevent you from ever developing AIDS.

Symptoms of AIDS include:

thrush (a thick, white coating on your tongue or mouth)

sore throat

bad yeast infection

chronic pelvic inflammatory disease

getting a lot of bad infections

feeling really tired, dizzy and lightheaded

headache

rapid weight loss

bruising more easily than usual

prolonged diarrhea, fever, or night sweats

swollen or hard glands in your groin, armpits, or groin

deep, dry cough spells

shortness of breath

purple growths on your skin or inside your mouth

bleeding from the mouth, nose, anus, or vagina

Causes, Symptoms and Prevention of Skin Rashes AIDS

feeling very numb in your hands or feet, loss of control of your muscles and reflexes, not being able to move, and loss of strength in your muscles

1.2Should I get tested for HIV?

What is? Getting an HIV AIDS test is the only way to find out if you have HIV. HIV testing is recommended for all adults. HIV tests are quick, painless and sometimes free.

How do I know I have HIV?

What is it for sure? AIDS Causes, Symptoms and Prevention The only way to know whether you have HIV or not is to get tested. You can’t tell whether you have HIV by the way you feel, because most people with HIV don’t have any symptoms for years.

Testing is a good idea if you’ve had unprotected sex or if your partner tests positive for HIV. If you shared needles with someone (for shooting drugs, piercing or tattooing) you should also get tested. If you are pregnant, get tested for HIV at your first antenatal visit.

Fortunately, HIV testing is very easy and painless. The best thing about getting tested for HIV? Once you get over it, it can really put your mind at ease. And if you have HIV, it’s best to find out early so you can take medicines to help you stay healthy and reduce your chances of spreading HIV to others.

How do HIV tests work?

What happens when you get HIV? HIV AIDS means your immune system makes antibodies that try to fight the infection. The most common type of HIV test looks for these antibodies in your blood or cells in your cheek.

It usually takes about 3 months for your body to make enough antibodies to show up on an HIV test, but it can be even longer. This time when you are infected for the first time but do not test positive for HIV is called the “window”.

called “period”. If you get tested during this time, you may get a negative result even if you do not actually have HIV. AIDS Causes, Symptoms and Prevention You have the greatest chance of passing HIV to other people during the window period. is also.

What are the types of HIV tests?

Rapid HIV tests give you results in about 20 minutes. AIDS Causes, Symptoms and Prevention Other tests take longer because they need to be sent to a lab. HIV tests are usually painless – you just gently rub the inside of your cheek with a soft swab. Sometimes you will give a blood sample for testing.

You can test yourself for HIV using an at-home HIV test kit. With the OraQuick In-Home HIV Test, you clean your gums and test the sample yourself. You get results in 20 minutes. With the Home Access HIV-1 Test, you prick your finger to obtain a small amount of blood. You send your blood sample to a lab, and receive your results in about a week. Home tests are completely anonymous — you’ll be the only one who knows the results. And both types of testing help connect you with counselors who can offer you support and advice about treatment if you test positive.

If the rapid HIV test in a clinic or home test shows that you have HIV, have a follow-up test to make sure the results are accurate.

Where to go for HIV testing

You can get tested for HIV and other STDs at your doctor’s office, a community health clinic, health department, or your local Planned Parenthood health center. You might want to get your HIV test at a place that also offers HIV counseling (such as Planned Parenthood).

You can get either “anonymous” or “confidential” HIV testing, depending on the laws of the state in which you live. “Confidential” testing means that your name is on the test, and the results go into your medical record. Your doctor and insurance company can also see the results. If you test positive, your results are sent to your local health department so they can know the rates of HIV in your area. But your results are protected by privacy laws, so no one can see them without your permission.

An “anonymous” test means that your name is not in the test. AIDS Causes, Symptoms and Prevention You will get an ID number which you can use to know your result. Your results will not go into your medical record, and they will not be sent to your insurance company or health department – ​​only you will know them.

STD testing, including HIV testing, is usually not part of your routine checkup or gynecologist exam – you have to ask for it directly. Be honest with your nurse or doctor so they can help you decide which tests are best for you. Don’t be embarrassed: Your doctor is there to help, not judge. (And if your doctor judges you for asking for an HIV test, maybe it’s time to find a new one.)

The thought of getting tested can sound scary, but try not to panic. STD testing is part of being responsible and taking care of your health. HIV tests are quick and usually painless. And if you have HIV, it’s better to know about it as soon as possible so that you can start treatment.

How can I get treatment for HIV?

There is no cure for HIV, but treatment can help you stay healthy. It may also reduce or stop your chances of passing HIV to someone else.

What is the treatment for HIV?

There is no cure for HIV, is there? HIV AIDS But there are treatments that help people with the causes, symptoms and prevention of HIV AIDS live long, healthy lives. Antiretroviral therapy (ART) is a combination of medicines that slows down the effects of HIV in your body and can help you stay healthy for many years. It may also reduce or stop your chances of passing HIV to someone else.

What is? hiv AIDS

ART lowers the amount of HIV in your body. HIV AIDS (called your viral load) – sometimes to the point where HIV won’t show up on standard blood tests. If your HIV viral load is so low that some tests can’t see it, it’s called “unknown”. When someone has an undetectable viral load, they cannot spread HIV to others during sex.

It is important to remember that even with an undetectable viral load, HIV is still present in your body. AIDS Causes, Symptoms and Prevention If you stop treatment, your viral load may increase, causing you to It becomes possible to pass HIV to other people who have sex. Your doctor or nurse can help find the best treatment for you to help keep your viral load low so you can stay healthy.

Paying attention to your lifestyle can also help you stay healthy. This means eating well, getting enough sleep, exercising, learning how to deal with stress and alcohol, smoking

Abstaining from alcohol and drugs.

Where can I get treatment for HIV?

It is important to find a doctor who has experience treating HIV. Your local Planned Parenthood health center can help you get the treatment you need. HIV.gov can also help you find an HIV doctor and other support services in your area.

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